Date of Agreement: 24 November 1988
Current Mayor: Andrés Ocaña
Córdoba (also Cordova) is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba. A Iberian and Roman city in ancient times, in the Middle Ages it was a capital of a Islamic caliphate and one of the largest cities in the world. Its population in 2008 was 325,453.
Today a moderately-sized modern city, the old town contains many impressive architectural reminders of when Qurtuba (قرطبة), the thriving capital of the Caliphate of Córdoba, governed almost all of the Iberian peninsula. It has been estimated that in the latter half of the tenth century Córdoba, with up to 500,000 inhabitants, was then the most populated city in Europe and, perhaps, in the world.