Chartres and Bethlehem

2009-06-13 00:00:00




Date of Agreement:10 Septemebr 1994
Current Mayor: Jean-Pierre Gorges



Chartres (ancient Carnutes, Autricum, civitas Carnutum), a city in north central France, is the capital of Eure-et-Loir Department, on the Eure River, in Orléanais. It is a farm-trade and manufacturing center; products include machinery, electronic equipment, fertilizers, and leather goods. Chartres consists of an upper and a lower town connected by steep streets. The highest point of the city is crowned by the world-famous Cathedral of Notre Dame (12th and 13th century), noted for the beauty of its south spire, its status, its magnificent 13th-century stained-glass windows, and its Renaissance choir screen.

The cathedral at Chartres, officially known as the Cathedral of Notre Dame, is one of the most famous Gothic structures in the world. Construction began on the main building in 1194 after a fire destroyed an older cathedral on the same site. The late Romanesque south spire, foreground, dates from the 13th century, while the late Gothic north spire, background, dates from the early 16th century. The cathedral's spectacular stained-glass windows still have much of their original glass.

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