Population

2015-03-30 12:59:58

 

Population

 

The total population of the district is estimated at 140,000 Palestinians and 8,500 Israeli settlers. Out of the total Palestinian population, 44.8% live in the rural areas and 39% in urban communities, 7.5% in refugee camps. The broader Bethlehem area has a population of 61, 000, half of whom are Moslems and half are Christians; Bethlehem having 22,000 inhabitants, Beit Jala and Beit Sahour have respectively 13,000 and 12,000 inhabitants.

The Palestinian population in general, including that of Bethlehem, is young with 46.9% aged less than 15. Fifty percent of Palestinians live in households of seven members or less. Out of the households, 91% live in crowded conditions, i.e. with more that 1 person per room. The natural annual growth rate of the population is estimated at about 3.5%. The Bethlehem district just as the rest of the Palestinian areas, suffered an increasing drop in income during the last few years. It is estimated that for the period 1992-1996 real GNP per capita dropped by 39.4% for the West Bank and unemployment rate for the West Bank averaged 29% in mid 1996.

 

The area's silhouette is dominated in equal measure by churches and mosques, a symbol of the increased intermingling of the region's people. The religious and cultural diversity of the local population is further enriched by the social diversity of the urban population versus villagers and farmers of the western rural slopes, the Bedouins of the eastern desert slopes and the refugees who, since the war of 1948, live in refugee camps in the peripheries of the town of Bethlehem.

The Bethlehem area, like the rest of the Palestinian Territories, suffered from a migration drain through the twentieth century. The first strong wave of migration took place after the First World War and mostly to Latin America. The continuous economic difficulties forced this migration to continue until today where we find close to 55% of the local Christians residing in the Diaspora within prosperous communities. The emigration of some of the district's urban population and successful international trade with east and west at the turn of the century allowed the repatriation of riches and the construction of the beautiful homes in greater Bethlehem area. On the other hand this movement caused the loss of the young, and educated elements. Of the Palestinians living in the Bethlehem District, 9.9% are migrants according to Place of Birth, and 5.8% are migrants according to Place of Residence in 1987. About 57.38% of the households in the Bethlehem District have close relatives living abroad. Most (60.3%) of the relatives abroad live in Jordan. About 32.2% of the relatives living abroad have an Israeli identity card, and 18.2% lost their ID card. The corresponding figures for the remaining West Bank are 42.5% and 15.4% respectively.

Christians constitute(28%) of the district total population and (72%) are Moslems, (92%) of the working force in the Bethlehem district are permanent residents, while (2%) live elsewhere in the West Bank, (2%) in Jordan, (2%) in other Arab countries and 2% outside the Middle East region. Bethlehem Governorate population makes up (7.3%) of the West Bank population.

Overall the total fertility rate (the number of children a woman will get under prevailing fertility conditions) is 4.97, and it is 5.61 for the remaining West Bank. There is evidence that fertility has started to decline in this District as in the remaining West Bank as a whole. On the average, a married Palestinian woman has 4.86 children, of which 0.31 are dead. The corresponding figures for the remaining West Bank are 4.82 and 0.30, respectively. Currently the age at first birth is 19.51 years. Of the households, about 2 1 % have no children below 1 5 living with one or both of their parents, compared to 22% in the remaining West Bank.

Having shown a steady decline in recent years, the infant mortality rate was 3 per thousand births, while the child mortality (U5MR) was 38, on average

Total population of Bethlehem Governorate by type of locality and sex:

  Both sexes Female male
Urban 45471 22432 23039
Rural 76056 63836 39220
Camps 10563 5225 5338

 

Total population by housing unit, household, persons, and by type of locality:

  Total Urban Rural Camps
Housing units 22105 8849 11383 1873
Households 22680 8949 11806 1925
Persons 130970 44390 76017 10563

 

Total Population of Major Cities and Towns:

Bethlehem 21947
Beit Sahour 11285
Beit Jala 12239
Al-Khader 6809
Doha 5199
Artas 2686
Husan 4168
Battir 3095
Nahalin 4700
Zatara 3942
Beit Fajjar 8001
Tqou' 4891

 

Palestinian Population by sex and age groups in year in Bethlehem Governorate:

 

Less than 1

1-9

10-19

20-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60-69

 

Year

years

years

years

years

years

years

years

Male

2,189

17,861

13,437

10,860

7,264

3,827

2,041

1,419

Female

2,092

17,138

12,295

8,997

6,033

3,148

2,151

1,661

Total

4,281

34,999

25,732

19,857

13,297

6,975

4,192

3,080

%

3.7

30.4

22.3

17.2

11.5

6.01

3.6

2.3

 

Population in 2000

 

'Arab ar-Rashayida

787

Abu Nujeim

574

Ad-Doha

5199

ad-Duheisha Camp

6893

al-Beida

256

al-Furdis

525

al-Hujeila

74

al-'Iqab

654

al-Khushna

49

al-Haddadiya

49

al- Walaja

1243

al-'Azazima

59

al-'Asakira

734

al-'Aza Camp

1279

al-Halqum

132

al-Khadr

6809

al-Khas

253

al-M'sara

580

Al-Maniya

571

al-Manshiya

266

al-'Ubeidiya

6277

ar-Rawa'in

112

Artas

2686

ath Thabra

181

'Ayda Camp

2391

Battir

3095

Beit Fajar

8001

Beit Falouh

373

Beit Jala

12239

Beit Sahur

11285

Beit Ta'mir

851

Bethlehem (Beit Lahm)

21947

Bureld'a

243

Dar Salah

731

Dhahrat an Nada

294

Fakht al-Jul

187

Harmala

555

Hindaza

1576

Husan

4186

Jubbet ad-Dhib

93

Jubdum

1020

Jurat ash Sham'a

1099

Kbirbet Tuqu'

76

Khallet Afana

4

Khallet al Louza

328

Khallet al-Balluta

125

Khallet al-Haddad

307

Khallet al-Qaranin

102

Khallet an Nu'man

145

Khallet Hamad

349

Khallet Sakariya

72

Khirbet ad-Deir

1147

Khirbet an Nabla

27

Kisan

292

Marah Ma!aila

452

Marah Rabah

833

Nahhalin

4700

Rakhme

680

Ras al Wad

577

Shawawra

1937

Tuqu'

4891

Umm 'Asla

119

Umm Salamuna

592

Umrn al Qasseis

268

Wadi al-'Arayis

1591

Wadi an-Nis

545

Wadi Fukin

881

Wadi Muhammad

87

Wadi Rahhal

418

Wadi Umm Qal'a

195

Za'tara

3942

مباشر من ساحة المهد